List of few Useful Active Directory (AD) Tools

From Microsoft Document

Backup utility
Performs backup and restore operations. It is automatically installed with Windows Server 2003. In Windows Server 2003, the backup utility is Backup.exe. The wizard, or basic mode, is called Backup or Restore Wizard; and in advanced mode, it is called Backup Utility.

Start > All Programs > Accessories > System Tools > Backup
Or to open the Backup tool using the command line:
Start > Run. In the Open box, type ntbackup and then click OK.


DNS Manager

Used for modifying DNS parameters. These centralized management and monitoring tools can be found either in Administrative Tools after initial installation of the DNS service, or through Adminpak.msi.

Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools
Or to open DNS Manager using the command line, type:
%systemroot%\System32\ dnsmgmt.msc


Active Directory Domains and Trusts Microsoft Management Console snap-in

Used for modifying Active Directory domains and trusts. These centralized management and monitoring tools can be found either in Administrative Tools after initial installation of the Active Directory, or through Adminpak.msi.

Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools
Or to open the MMC snap-in using the command line, type:
%systemroot%\System32\ domain.msc


Active Directory Installation Wizard

Used to promote or demote a domain controller.
Start > Run > dcpromo


Active Directory Schema snap-in

Used for modifying Active Directory schema. This tool does not appear by default in Administrative Tools.
Open the MMC snap-in using the command line, type:

%systemroot%\System32\ schmmgmt.msc


Active Directory Sites and Services MMC snap-in

Used for modifying Active Directory sites and services. This centralized management and monitoring tool can be found either in Administrative Tools after initial installation of the Active Directory, or through Adminpak.msi.
Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools
Or to open the MMC snap-in using the command line, type:
%systemroot%\System32\ dssit.msc


Active Directory Users and Computers MMC snap-in

Used for modifying Active Directory users and computers. These centralized management and monitoring tools can be found either in Administrative Tools after initial installation of the Active Directory, or through Adminpak.msi.
Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools
Or to open the MMC snap-in using the command line, type:
%systemroot%\System32\ dsa.msc


Adsi edit MMC snap-in

Used for editing Active Directory to add, delete, or move objects within the directory. This centralized management and monitoring tool can be found either in Administrative Tools after initial installation of the Active Directory, or through Adminpak.msi.
Open the MMC snap-in using the command line, type:
%systemroot%\System32\ adsiedit.msc


Dcdiag.exe

This command line tool analyzes the state of domain controllers in the forest or enterprise and reports any problems to assist in troubleshooting.
Start > Run > dcdiag.exe


Event Viewer

Provides logs for transactional reactive reviews of system and service events. It is automatically installed with Windows Server 2003.
Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Event Viewer
Or to open Event Viewer using the command line:
Start >Run. In the Open box, type eventvwr.msc and then click OK.


Ldp.exe

Used to connect, bind, search, modify, add, and delete against any LDAP-compatible directory such as Active Directory. Used to view objects stored in Active Directory along with their metadata.
Start >Run. In the Open box, type ldp.exe and then click OK.


Netdiag.exe

Helps isolate networking and connectivity problems by performing a series of tests to determine the state of the network client.
Start > Run > cmd at the command prompt, type netdiag /? to see options


Netdom.exe

Enables administrators to manage Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 domains and trust relationships from the command line.
Start > Run > cmd at the command prompt, type netdom /? to see options


Nltest.exe

Helps you get a list of domain controllers, force a remote shutdown, and query the status of trust relationships.
Start > Run > cmd at the command prompt, type nltest /? to see options


Ntdsutil.exe

Used to perform database maintenance of Active Directory, manage and control single master operations, and remove metadata left behind by domain controllers that were removed from the network without being properly uninstalled.
Start > Run > cmd at the command prompt, type ntdsutil /? to see options


Repadmin.exe

Command line tool that helps administrators diagnose replication problems between domain controllers.
Start > Run > cmd at the command prompt, type repadmin /? to see options


W32tm.exe

A tool used to diagnose problems having to do with Windows time.
Start > Run > cmd at the command prompt, type w32tm /? to see options

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